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Colombian Emerald

Colombian emerald depicts the most energetic and luxurious of all gemstones. For hundreds of years, the emerald has been worn in jewelry by kings and queens and individuals at the very highest ranks of society. Muzo is the most popular of Colombia’s emerald mines. This mine has produced raw gems of incomparable beauty for over 10 years.

What is a Colombian Emerald?

Colombian emerald is a type of emerald gemstone that is mined in Colombia, South America. It is exquisite more than rubies, diamonds, and sapphires because it has a Mohs rating of 7.5 to 8. This gemstone is sometimes referred to by natives as an “evening stone They are considered to be the finest and most valuable emeralds in the world, accounting for 70-90% of the world's emerald market These emeralds are prized for their intense, vibrant green color, which is often described as "Muzo green" after the famous Colombian mine where many of them are found.

Type of Colombian Emerald

There isn't exactly a specific "type" of Colombian emerald, but the most prized Colombian emeralds come from three main regions: Muzo, Chivor, and Coscuez. These locations are known for producing gems with distinct qualities:

  • Muzo Emeralds: These emeralds are known for their warm, grassy-green color, sometimes with hints of yellow. They are considered to be some of the most valuable emeralds in the world
  • Chivor Emeralds: These emeralds are known for their deeper green color, often with a bluish hue. They are also highly prized for their clarity and brilliance
  • Coscuez Emeralds: These emeralds can vary in color from a light green to a deep blue-green. They are known for their unique inclusions, sometimes resembling feathers or clouds

It's important to remember that these are generalizations, and there can be a lot of variation within each region. However, Muzo, Chivor, and Coscuez are all famous for producing some of the most beautiful and valuable emeralds in the world.

Why Colombian Emeralds are so Valuable?

Factors That Contribute to the High Price of Colombian Emeralds. Rarity: Colombian emeralds are rare and difficult to find, increasing their price. Only a small percentage of emeralds mined in Colombia are of gemstone quality. Quality: Colombian emeralds are known for their exceptional quality.

  • Valuable Investments: Due to their rarity and exceptional quality, Colombian emeralds command high prices and are considered sound investments
  • Cultural Treasures: These emeralds are deeply woven into Colombian history and culture. They continue to be a source of national pride and economic importance

Carat Of Emeralds

The best quality Colombian emeralds will fetch about $120k per carat, compared to less than $80k per carat for other emeralds. The color is known as the most pure and vivid of Colombian emeralds even when compared with exceptional pieces from an African or Brazilian mine. Colombian emeralds have a bluish-green to green in color with strong or vivid saturation, Zambian Emeralds have a more bluish and darker color than Colombian emeralds and commonly have greater clarity, while the emeralds from Brazil have a lighter color and lower saturation.


Colombian emeralds rule supreme in the emerald world, with outstanding beauty, brilliant colors, and a long history. Their scarcity, unparalleled quality, and cultural importance cemented their status as the most precious and sought-after emeralds on the market. From the grassy-green Muzo stones to the deep blue-green gems of Coscuez, each location has its distinct treasures for collectors and jewelry enthusiasts. Whether you're looking for a stunning item for personal decoration or a sensible investment, a Colombian emerald delivers long-lasting value and compelling beauty.